Atlas esophagus

Normal esophagus

Z-line: The junction between the pale esophageal and richer colored gastric mucosa is slightly irregular. It is located at the level or within 2cm above the hiatal notch.  

Cytomegalovirus esophagitis

Lesion: Esophageal ulceration and vasculitis caused by CMV infection at multiple sites Biopsy: ≥ 10 specimens from the base of the ulcer. ∆+: Histology identification of CMV by immunohistochemical and direct fluorescence...

Zenker's diverticulum (zd)

Lesion: Sac-like outpouching of the mucosa and submucosa layers located dorsally at the pharyngoesophageal  

Esophageal webs

Lesion: Smooth, circumferential ring of squamous mucosa, which can be located anywhere along the esophagus  

Gastric inlet patches in esophagus (heteropic gastric mucosa of the proximal esophagus)

Lesion: salmon-colored patch of mucosa in the proximal esophagus, just below the upper esophageal sphincter. This is an island of heterotopic gastric mucosa, appears distinct from the surrounding squamous mucosa, which has a silvery color*, with 0,8cm...

Esophageal glycoenic acanthosis

Lesion: in the distal esophagus, as characterized by multiple small, raised pale nodules, generally benign mucosal lesions  

Benign and malignant esophageal tumors

Squamous papilloma: verrucous papillated shape Leiomyoma: polypoid lesions    

Esophageal varices and sarin's classification for gastric varices

Grade 1: Varices disappear with air insufflation   Grade 2: Non-confluent varices remain identical with air insufflation  

Mallory - weiss tear

Lesion: Bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus  

Typical findings of primary esophageal achalasia

(a) Dilation of the esophagus. Dilated esophagus drooped to both sides of the spine. (b) Food remnant in the esophagus (c) Whitish coating of the mucosa caused by adhesion of the remained food inside of the...

Esophageal stenosis

Lesion: Esophageal stenosis (1mm of diameter) at 4cm from upper sphincter and 13cm from front teeth, straight shaft, no oedema, no diverticula, no fistula in the boy 2-year-old operated esophagael astresia

Zagar classification for corrosive ingestion

(A) Grade 1 indicates only slight swelling and redness of the mucosa. (B) Grade 2A indicates the presence of superficial ulcers, bleeding, and exudates. (C) Grade 2B indicates local or encircling deep...

Classification of herpes esophagitis of itoh

Type 1: The middle and lower thirds of the esophagus: Small, punched-out lesions with raised margins; a slightly yellowish color and fibrin exudation at the center of lesions Type 2: The middle and lower thirds of the esophagus:...

The severity of esophageal candidiasis (ce) according to kodsi's classification

Grade I: a few raised white plaques up to 2 mm in size without edema or ulceration Grade II: multiple raised white plaques greater than 2 mm in size without ulceration Grade III: confluent, linear,...

Eosinophilic esophagitis

Lesion: 1/2 under the esophagus, longitudinal furrowing/shearing and the “crêpe paper” Alberto Ravelli, Practical pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopyractical, 2012

Hiatus hernia according to the modified makuuchi classification (hh)

Hiatus hernia according to the modified Makuuchi classification (HH)  

Esophageal inflammatory polyp-fold complex

Lesion: Endoscopic view of an esophageal inflammatory polyp-fold complex in an 8-year-old with recalcitrant gastroesophageal reflux  

Grading classification of reflux esophagitis

Hetzel Dent classification •Grade 0: Normal mucosa, no abnormalities found •Grade 1: No macroscopic erosions, but presence of erythema, hyperemia, and/or friability of the esophageal mucosa